CHILD RESTRAINT INFORMATION
Information Provided by National Traffic Highway Safety Administration

General Child Seat Use Information
Buckle Everyone. Children Age 12 and Under in Back!
  AGE /
WEIGHT SEAT TYPE /
SEAT POSITION USAGE TIPS
INFANTS Birth to at least 1 year and at least 20 pounds. Infant-Only Seat/rear-facing or Convertible Seat/used rear-facing.

Seats should be secured to the vehicle by the safety belts or by the LATCH system.  Never use in a front seat where an air bag is present.
Tightly install child seat in rear seat, facing the rear.
Child seat should recline at approximately a 45 degree angle.
Harness straps/slots at or below shoulder level (lower set of slots for most convertible child safety seats).
Harness straps snug on child; harness clip at armpit level.

Less than 1 year/ 20-35 lbs. Convertible Seat/used rear-facing (select one recommended for heavier infants).

Seats should be secured to the vehicle by the safety belts or by the LATCH system.  Never use in a front seat where an air bag is present.
Tightly install child seat in rear seat, facing the rear.
Child seat should recline at approximately a 45 degree angle.
Harness straps/slots at or below shoulder level (lower set of slots for most convertible child safety seats).
Harness straps snug on child; harness clip at armpit level.

PRESCHOOLERS /
TODDLER 1 to 4 years/ at least 20 lbs. to approximately 40 lbs. Convertible Seat/forward-facing or Forward-Facing Only or High Back Booster/Harness.

Seats should be secured to the vehicle by the safety belts or by the LATCH system.  Tightly install child seat in rear seat, facing forward.
Harness straps/slots at or above child’s shoulders (usually top set of slots for convertible child safety seats).
Harness straps snug on child; harness clip at armpit level.

YOUNG
CHILDREN 4 to at least 8 years/unless they are 4’9" (57") tall. Belt-Positioning Booster (no back, only) or High Back Belt-Positioning Booster.

NEVER use with lap-only belts—belt-positioning boosters are always used with lap AND shoulder belts.  Booster used with adult lap and shoulder belt in rear seat.
Shoulder belt should rest snugly across chest, rests on shoulder; and should NEVER be placed under the arm or behind the back.
Lap-belt should rest low, across the lap/upper thigh area—not across the stomach.



ILLINOIS VEHICLE CODE

VEHICLES
(625 ILCS 25/) Child Passenger Protection Act.

   (625 ILCS 25/1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1101)
   Sec. 1. Title and citation. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Child Passenger Protection Act".
(Source: P.A. 83‑8.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/2) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1102)
   Sec. 2. Legislative Finding ‑ Purpose. The General Assembly finds that a substantial number of passengers under the age of 8 years riding in motor vehicles, which are most frequently operated by a parent, annually die or sustain serious physical injury as a direct result of not being placed in an appropriate child passenger restraint system. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children of every age from 4 to 14 years old. The General Assembly further finds that the safety of the motoring public is seriously threatened as indicated by the significant number of traffic accidents annually caused, directly or indirectly, by driver distraction or other impairment of driving ability induced by the movement or actions of unrestrained passengers under the age of 8 years.
   It is the purpose of this Act to further protect the health, safety and welfare of motor vehicle passengers under the age of 8 years and the motoring public through the proper utilization of approved child restraint systems.
(Source: P.A. 93‑100, eff. 1‑1‑04.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/3) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1103)
   Sec. 3. Definitions. The terms "highway", "motor vehicle", "owner", "police officer", "recreational vehicle", "roadway" and "street" as used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning ascribed to them in The Illinois Vehicle Code, as now or hereafter amended. For the purpose of this Act, "motor vehicle" does not include motorcycles.
(Source: P.A. 83‑8.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/4) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1104)
   Sec. 4. When any person is transporting a child in this State under the age of 8 years in a non‑commercial motor vehicle of the first division, a motor vehicle of the second division with a gross vehicle weight rating of 9,000 pounds or less, or a recreational vehicle on the roadways, streets or highways of this State, such person shall be responsible for providing for the protection of such child by properly securing him or her in an appropriate child restraint system. The parent or legal guardian of a child under the age of 8 years shall provide a child restraint system to any person who transports his or her child. Any person who transports the child of another shall not be in violation of this Section unless a child restraint system was provided by the parent or legal guardian but not used to transport the child.
   For purposes of this Section and Section 4b, "child restraint system" means any device which meets the standards of the United States Department of Transportation designed to restrain, seat or position children, which also includes a booster seat.
   A child weighing more than 40 pounds may be transported in the back seat of a motor vehicle while wearing only a lap belt if the back seat of the motor vehicle is not equipped with a combination lap and shoulder belt.
(Source: P.A. 93‑100, eff. 1‑1‑04.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/4a) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1104a)
   Sec. 4a. Every person, when transporting a child 8 years of age or older but under the age of 16, as provided in Section 4 of this Act, shall be responsible for properly securing that child in seat belts.
(Source: P.A. 92‑171, eff. 1‑1‑02; 93‑100, eff. 1‑1‑04.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/4b)
   Sec. 4b. Children 8 years of age or older but under the age of 18; seat belts. Every person under the age of 18 years, when transporting a child 8 years of age or older but under the age of 18 years, as provided in Section 4 of this Act, shall be responsible for securing that child in a properly adjusted and fastened seat safety belt or an appropriate child restraint system.
(Source: P.A. 93‑100, eff. 1‑1‑04.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/5) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1105)
   Sec. 5. In no event shall a person's failure to secure a child under 8 years of age in an approved child restraint system constitute contributory negligence or be admissible as evidence in the trial of any civil action.
(Source: P.A. 93‑100, eff. 1‑1‑04.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/6) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1106)
   Sec. 6. A violation of this Act is a petty offense punishable by a fine of not more than $50 waived upon proof of possession of an approved child restraint system as defined under this Act. A subsequent violation of this Act is a petty offense punishable by a fine of not more than $100.
(Source: P.A. 92‑173, eff. 1‑1‑02.) 


   (625 ILCS 25/7) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 1107)
   Sec. 7. Arrests ‑ Prosecutions. The State Police shall patrol the public highways and make arrests for a violation of this Act. Police officers shall make arrests for violations of this Act occurring upon the highway within the limits of a county, city, village, or unincorporated town or park district.
   The State's Attorney of the county in which the violation of this Act occurs shall prosecute all violations except when the violation occurs within the corporate limits of a municipality, the municipal attorney may prosecute if written permission to do so is obtained from the State's Attorney.
   The provisions of this Act shall not apply to a child passenger with a physical disability of such a nature as to prevent appropriate restraint in a seat, provided that the disability is duly certified by a physician who shall state the nature of the disability, as well as the reason the restraint is inappropriate. No physician shall be liable, and no cause of action may be brought for personal injuries resulting from the exercise of good faith judgment in making certifications under this provision.
(Source: P.A. 88‑685, eff. 1‑24‑95.)